# Mathematics

## Introduction

### Aims of Mathematics in the International Baccalaureate Middle Years Programme

The aims of MYP mathematics are to encourage and enable students to:

- enjoy mathematics, develop curiosity and begin to appreciate its elegance and power
- develop an understanding of the principles and nature of mathematics
- communicate clearly and confidently in a variety of contexts
- develop logical, critical and creative thinking
- develop confidence, perseverance, and independence in mathematical thinking and problem-solving
- develop powers of generalization and abstraction
- apply and transfer skills to a wide range of real life situations, other areas of knowledge and future developments
- appreciate how developments in technology and mathematics have influenced each other
- appreciate the moral, social and ethical implications arising from the work of mathematicians and the applications of mathematics
- appreciate the international dimension in mathematics through an awareness of the universality of mathematics and its multicultural and historical perspectives
- appreciate the contribution of mathematics to other areas of knowledge
- develop the knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary to pursue further studies in mathematics
- develop the ability to reflect critically upon their own work and the work of others.

### 8 Standards for Mathematical Practice

*8 Standards for Mathematical Practice*that represents a balance of procedural and conceptual understanding:

- Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them
- Reason abstractly and quantitatively
- Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others
- Model with mathematics
- Use appropriate tools strategically.
- Attend to precision
- Look for and make use of structure
- Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning

### Level and Course Changes for Mathematics

To move up a grade level in a mathematics course, students must demonstrate mastery of the current curriculum by passing first and second semester exams with a score of at least 80%. Both exams must be completed a week prior to the end of the first quarter (e.g. a student enrolled in Pre-Algebra who wishes to take Algebra I must demonstrate mastery of Pre-Algebra curriculum by passing the first and second semester final exams with a score of at least an 80%).

## Courses

### Pre-Algebra

This is the primary mathematics course for 7th grade students. Students enrolled in this course are expected to demonstrate proficiency in a combination of 7th and 8th grade Ohio Learning Standards in Mathematics in one year. Students will learn the following standards and concepts through solving real-world and mathematical problems:

Ratios and proportional relationships

Application of previous understanding of operations with fractions and integers

Equivalence of expressions including radicals and integer exponents and solving of multi-step equations

Creating models and making comparisons of relationships linear and nonlinear and solving and analyzing pairs of linear equations

Geometric concepts with the focus on applications involving surface area and volume and describing the relationship between figures

Statistics and probability

### Math 7

### Algebra I

• Equivalent Expressions and forms of equations

• Polynomial expressions and equations

• Statistical analysis using two data sets

• Creating, comparing and solving functions to model linear, exponential and quadratic relationships

• Solving systems of equations and inequalities

### Math 8

### 9 Honors Math

### Math Workshop Classes: Intervention and Support

**Criteria for Placement in Math Workshop Class**

- Student did not pass the math section of the state assessment
- Student who has consistently scored below the 35th percentile on MAP on math assessment (district benchmark)
- Recommendation by student’s Math teachers

**Math Goals**

**Foundational Math Strategies & Skills**

- Number sense
- Number and pattern relationships
- Operation sense and computation
- Fractions, decimals and percents
- Proportional reasoning (Math 7 connection)
- Algebra (Math 8 connection)

**Math and Reading Workshop**